All data collection methods have their pros and cons. In complex operating environments, when working with hard-to-reach or at-risk populations and when dealing with sensitive data, as with many PVE programmes, drawbacks of specific methods and challenges can be compounded.
Table 10: Challenges for data collection in PVE programmes and mitigation measures
Considering gender in data collection for PVE
In northern Nigeria, women associated with Boko Haram and their children are subject to high levels of stigma. It was difficult to interview the women in an environment where they felt comfortable to speak as going to their homes meant that they would be overheard by family members. Women also did not feel comfortable attending events in community centres as they would be asked why they were attending such an event. Therefore, combining data collection with vaccination check-ups in clinics allowed women to access an important service, and speak when unobserved and alone. This vastly improved the response rate and quality of data.
Source: International Alert programming experience in Nigeria.